about melange
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Melanges are found in over 70 countries, usually
in mountainous areas, near recent or ancient
tectonic subduction zones. The Franciscan
Complex of northern California is geologically
infamous for its many melanges.  

There is a connection between Medley "and
"Melange": “
medley” is an English word loosely
meaning “
mixture”, for which the French is
mélange”. The acute accent above the “e” in
mélange (pronounced "may-LAWN-juh") is often
neglected in the United States. It is  acceptable to
pronounce melange as "mell-AHN-juh."

In 1919, the British geologist Edward Greenly first
described, as “autoclastic mélange”, the chaotic
Gwna Melange of Anglesey, in North Wales. The
details of melange formation are controversial:
there are over 2000 papers on the geologic
aspects of melanges but few address the  
troublesome geotechnical  aspects (
Medley, 1994).

The geological literature of melanges is  
complicated by many apparent synonyms for
melange fabrics,  including: olistostromes,
scagliose (
scaly clay), sedimentary chaos,  mega-
breccia, chaotic structure, complex formations,
lenticular fabric, tectonic mixtures, friction carpets,
Varicolored Clays and
Gwna Melange, North Wales.
Franciscan Complex
melange, California.
Blocks in melange,